‘More Mohawk Discrimination…’

“If a Mohawk couple adopts a child who is not ‘indigenous’, the adoptive parents have committed an “offence”, according to a new law in Kahnawake, Que. 

“The adoptive parents will lose their rights as Kahnawake Mohawks — which include voting here, living here, being buried here.

“Those same parents, who sacrificed, changed their lives and reached out to make something so delicate as an adoption happen, will pay for that decision dearly, according to a new amendment to the Kahnawake membership law…

“Sounds crazy, doesn’t it?

“But it happened a few weeks ago in a ‘Community Decision-Making Process’ (CDMP) meeting in Kahnawake, where roughly 30 people decided it was the right thing to do to “protect the bloodline” – a phrase used by many over the years. The CDMP writes the membership laws for Kahnawake.

“There’s a huge outcry on social media, ‘Facebook’ especially.

“Even many Kahnawake Mohawks who firmly agreed with the unwritten “marry out, get out” decree that resulted in attempted evictions of non-aboriginal residents in 2014 are appalled.

“This is the official wording of the latest version of the membership law, under the adoption section, article 14.7, made public by the ‘Kahnawake Legislative Coordinating Commission’:

“A child who has no Kanien’keháka (Mohawk) or Onkwehonwe lineage adopted by a Kanien’keháka of Kahnawà:ke parent(s) after the enactment of this law on November 10, 2003 is not eligible to be recognized as a Kanien’keháka of Kahnawà:ke or be an Approved Kahnawà:ke Resident and, therefore, the parent(s) who chose to commit this offense will have their recognition (as a Kanien’keháka of Kahnawà:ke) suspended and not be eligible to reside in the territory of Kahnawà:ke.”

“Who has that right to say an offence has been committed through such a selfless act?

“Adults targeting children simply because they aren’t of Mohawk heritage certainly go beyond the path our ancestors chose…

‘Adoption part of Mohawk identity’
“Adoption, quite frankly, is woven into the fabric of the Mohawk identity.

“We are living, breathing examples of what Mohawk people look and act like in the 21st century because of our extensive history of adoption leading up to today.

“The few dozen community members present at that meeting on March 8, 2016 made an enormous decision for all of the more than 6,500 registered Kahnawake Mohawks.

“Now we are faced with the cold, hard reality that this horrific example of so-called democracy, of the “people’s voice”, is now “law” in Kahnawake…

“If “thinning the blood line” is such a concern for the ones who say we can be bred out through intermarriage and “mixing”, the people who claim the adoption of a ‘non-indigenous’ child is an “offence” under the membership law need to examine how thin that line is between humanity and insanity.”

–‘Short-sighted’ new Kahnawake law excludes Mohawks adopting ‘non-indigenous’ children’,
Steve Bonspiel, CBC News, Mar. 24, 2016

http://www.cbc.ca/news/aboriginal/new-kahnawake-membership-law-adoptive-parents-could-lose-rights-1.3502759 Kahnawake 2015 -2“…Community members wanted to protect our ‘indigenous’ blood lines that defined our existence and connection to our ancestors.

“That’s what led to the ban on all mixed marriages within the territory on May 22, 1981. The first membership law was drafted by the community in 1984. It was made clear that ‘non-natives’ who were not here prior to the 1981 moratorium could not live here.

“The most recent version of the law drafted in 2003 still maintains that non-natives with no lineage do not have the right to live in Kahnawà:ke…

“…a random sample survey that was conducted in 2011 shows that approximately 80% of people believe that ‘non-natives’ should not be allowed to live here with their native spouses.

“The members of this community made a law to preserve our identity, our land, our rights, language, and culture. We want to coexist, with us natives remaining in our canoe and the non-natives in their ship travelling the same river together — the “Two Row Concept”… {Never has there been a clearer description of Segregation, and these people actually consider it virtuous. Unbelievable…}

“‘Non-native’ people can live anywhere they want. We like keeping this little piece of land for ‘Onkwehón:we’. (Translation: “Real People” {!}, meaning original inhabitants of this land.)

‘People don’t understand us Mohawks’
“Years of multi-generational traumas caused by oppression, racism, attempted assimilation, residential schools, Oka Crisis have made it difficult for many in the community to trust ‘non-natives’.

“We can peacefully coexist, but a good majority of people in Kahnawà:ke don’t want non-natives living next door and in their neighbourhoods…

“People on the outside just don’t understand us Mohawks.

“We are who we are — which is not Canadian {!}. We are stubborn and we are fighters for what we believe in. The people who are violating our law need to ask themselves: fight against your own people by defying our law, or abide by it, leave with your partner and maintain the peace?
{Sounds like an implied threat of violence to me…}

“To make matters worse, 16 people are bringing this lawsuit to Quebec Superior Court… This lawsuit can be detrimental to all ‘First Nations’ ‘jurisdiction’ across Canada.

“I cannot sit by and support further erosion of our rights as ‘Indigenous Peoples’ by Kahnawà:ke members and their spouses who want to try to further entrench Canadian law and jurisdiction against our nations, in the name of love.”

–‘Marry out, move out: Member of Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke speaks out’,
Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer, CBC News, June 03, 2015
(Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer is a member of the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke.)

http://www.cbc.ca/news/aboriginal/marry-out-move-out-member-of-mohawk-council-of-kahnaw%C3%A0-ke-speaks-out-1.3097605 ERBLMohawkMansHouseTargeted600x600
This Is NOT the Canadian way:

‘Mohawk man’s house targeted in Kahnawake because of “non-Indigenous” wife’

“Marvin McComber was thinking of spending his Saturday morning doing yard work. But that was before he heard about the protest planned to be held outside his house.

“I woke up to the neighbour hanging ‘Marry out, Get out’ signs on the telephone pole at five this morning”, said McComber. “Shortly after, I noticed that my house and car were spray painted.”

“Written on the side of the house in barely-legible red letters is what looks to be the word “frog”, a derogatory term used to describe a person of Quebecois descent.

“Asked why someone would spray paint her car, McComber’s daughter Mariah, 18, said

“It’s just because my mom is ‘white’, and they don’t want her here.”

“McComber’s wife Terri is not ‘indigenous’, so according to Kahnawake’s membership law, the McComber’s are not allowed to live in Kahnawake, even though McComber and their three children are all Mohawk.

“The law also states that people cannot be evicted between Nov. 1 and May 1, which has led a grassroots organization in Kahnawake to declare May 1st to be “Moving Day” for ‘non-indigenous’ people living in the community.

“With that deadline now passed, McComber knew he was in for a hectic morning. At around 10 a.m., a group of about 40 protesters walked down the street and stopped in front of the McComber house. Kahnawake 2015
“Carrying placards, they set up across the street.

“We’re here to peacefully protest against trespassing in the community against our Mohawk {race} laws,”

said protester Ohontsakate Montour.

“Montour condemns the vandalism that occurred the night before, but says the protest is necessary.

“We’re here to show that we’re not going anywhere and we think that these people are here against the wishes of the community, against the majority, and we’re just here to voice our concerns”, he said.

“Also taking part in the march were three ‘Mohawk Council of Kahnawake’ (MCK) chiefs. Chief Carl Horn said that the law was put in place for the good of the community and to ‘protect Mohawk lineage’ for generations to come…

“McComber was irked to see council members taking part in the protest, despite its peaceful nature.

“It’s still intimidating, regardless if they’re saying or doing anything”, said McComber.

“Asked for a comment about chiefs being in the protest, MCK press attaché Joe Delaronde said it’s their ‘right’ to be there…

“Across the street, dozens of friends and family showed up in support of the McComber’s throughout the day. Many of them could see relatives standing across the street, wanting the McComber family to leave.

“I grew up with Marvin”, said Timmy Montour whose brother-in-law was protesting 30 metres away.“Me being here today is going to cause problems for me later on, but I choose to be here because it’s (evictions) wrong. Anytime you’re hurting somebody, you’re doing something wrong.” 

“The McComber’s are being targeted for other reasons are well”, said protester Ohontsakate Montour. “The person who is illegally living here (Terri and Marvin McComber) is also in a lawsuit against the community that threatens our ‘rights to self-governance’, and threatens to take community funds from all aspects of the community”, said Montour.

“The lawsuit has 16 claimants, and was filed against the MCK this past fall. It claims that the council is infringing on basic human rights by asking’ non-indigenous’ people to leave.

“McComber feels he was left with no alternative but to battle what he sees as an unjust law in Canadian court.

“We just want there to be some point of peaceful resolution. My wife ain’t taking anything, she’s not from here, she can’t own anything. Land can’t get transferred to her even if I did pass away {More race law}, he said.

“The lawsuit isn’t expected to be settled in court anytime soon.”

–‘Mohawk man’s house targeted in Kahnawake because of ‘non-Indigenous’ wife’,
Tom Fennario, APTN National News, May 3, 2015

With VIDEO:
http://aptn.ca/news/2015/05/03/mohawk-mans-house-targeted-kahnawake-non-indigenous-wife/ 

CBC News
CBC News

‘Kahnawake mixed couple subject of ‘marry out, stay out’ protest’

“Mohawk man, non-native wife say they are afraid for their family’s safety”:

“It’s not right, I feel, because we’re all human beings. I married my wife not because of her colour or her race, but because she’s a lovely person. She loves me for who I am and I love her for who she is.” 

“Dozens of {aboriginal} protesters spent Saturday demonstrating in front of a house in Kahnawake, Que., where a Mohawk man lives with his non-native wife.

“Marvin and Terry McComber woke up Saturday morning to spray-painted graffiti on the front of their two-storey yellow house, and on their daughter’s car.

“Terry McComber told ‘CBC News’ she feels intimidated by the protesters, and fears for the safety of her children.

“The protesters say the couple is breaking a {race} law that has been on the books in Kahnawake since 1981. It states that any Mohawk resident who marries or lives with a non-native must move away from Kahnawake.

“Nineteen-year-old resident Keisha Goodleaf is among the protesters outside the McComber home.

“Well, I am here because I was raised [knowing that] you marry out, you get out. We all knew that. Everyone in town grew up knowing that”, Goodleaf says.

“She says she is worried about losing native land, language and culture.

“Seven ‘mixed-race’ couples, including the McCombers, are taking the band council to court over the law, in a case that is not expected to be settled until 2017.

“Barry and Sandy Stacey, who moved from Kahnawake when they married, are participating in the lawsuit. They attended the protest in defence of the McCombers and others in their situation.

“It’s not right, I feel, because we’re all human beings. I married my wife not because of her colour or her race, but because she’s a lovely person. She loves me for who I am and I love her for who she is”, Barry Stacey says.

“Band council spokesman Joe Delaronde says he does not condone the vandalism, but the protesters have a right to demand the {racist} law {that violates Canada’s Constitution} be ‘respected’.

“They are asking that people respect the law on residency and membership”, Delaronde says. “One of the problems we’ve been having is that people, especially on the outside, not understanding that this is not about people not being able to have relationships or marriages with people from elsewhere. All it is, is that you can’t live here. You can work here. You can play and you can visit every day.”

–‘Kahnawake mixed couple subject of ‘marry out, stay out’ protest’,
Tanya Birkbeck, CBC News, May 02, 2015

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/kahnawake-mixed-couple-subject-of-marry-out-stay-out-protest-1.3058915 ERBLRacism on the Reserve 600x600

“There are no pure Indians here any more…”

“Some call it racist and an abuse of basic human rights.

“Others say it’s necessary to ensure the long-term survival of Mohawk lineage and culture.

“Kahnawake’s membership law has been a reoccurring lightning rod of debate for years.

“And now, a grassroots group has declared May 1 to be moving day for ‘non-Indigenous’ people.”

–‘Kahnawake membership battle faces looming flare-up’,
Tom Fennario, APTN, April 30, 2015

With VIDEO:
http://aptn.ca/news/2015/04/30/kahnawake-membership-battle-faces-looming-flare/

“These are images from a “Togetherness Gathering”, held last fall. It was organized by Kahnawake residents who want to see the membership law overhauled. They are still meeting weekly BUT DUE TO THREATS, THEY NO LONGER WISH TO APPEAR ON CAMERA. THEY TOLD ‘APTN NATIONAL NEWS’ THAT THEY’VE BEEN THE VICTIMS OF HARASSMENT AND THEY WORRY…” Kahnawake sign
‘This Week’s Poll’:

“Should the Kahnawake Membership Law be changed to allow non-Natives to live in Kahnawake?”

Yes
No
Undecided
Depends on the situation

“The ‘Mohawk Council of Kahnawake’ provided the community with an update on the lawsuit regarding “mixed couples” living in Kahnawake in contravention of the ‘Kahnawake Membership Law’. The lawsuit was filed in Quebec Superior Court on October 30, 2014.

“The MCK stated that…the actual trial is not expected to begin before 2017…

“Initially, seven people were a part of the original lawsuit and then an additional nine people were added to it in January.

“…As the MCK has stated consistently, we remind everyone to please remain peaceful and respectful. The ‘Kahnawake Peacekeepers’ have assured the MCK and the community that they are aware and prepared to assist in maintaining security as per their mandate.”

http://kahnawakenews.com/mck-provides-update-on-membership-lawsuit-p2283-1.htm  

http://kahnawake411.com/?p=2688MohawkCouncilofKahnawke-4
‘Former Olympian Waneek Horn-Miller among Mohawks suing Kahnawake council’

“We’re not just useless sacs of DNA that are to be counted for federal transfer dollars. We have to instill a sense in our people that you are a person, put on this earth to make it better.”

“Seven people, including former Olympian Waneek Horn-Miller, are suing the Kahnawake Mohawk Council over its law that bans ‘mixed-race’ couples from living on its territory…

“Under the so-called “marry out, stay out” policy, Mohawks living in Kahnawake are supposed to leave the territory if they marry a non-Mohawk. That’s been a law on the band council’s books since 1981, although it has seldom been enforced.

“That could soon change.

“Eviction letters were sent out in 2010, and Kahnawake Grand Chief Michael Delisle said in August that his council was planning to send out more eviction notices.

“All we are trying to do is preserve, not only culture and language and identity, but who we are as a people”, Delisle told ‘CBC News’ at that time. “It needs to be controlled by us, and not by outside entities.”

“Last week, some community members started mailing eviction letters to people married or living with non-natives. They were anonymous, and the council said it was not responsible for the letters.

“However, the council has said it has the support of the majority of band members.

“Some of those targeted for eviction have told CBC News that the move towards enforcing the “marry out, stay out” rule is divisive and is encouraging harassment and even vandalism.

“Horn-Miller says she’s among those who have been harassed by fellow Kahnawake Mohawks because of her relationship with a non-native man.

“In 2010, while eight-and-a-half months pregnant, Horn-Miller says she received an anonymous petition, signed by 60 of her neighbours, demanding that she leave the territory because of her relationship.

“Then, this past August, a group of people who support the proposed evictions held a rally and left anonymous, unsigned letters to community members, telling them to vacate.

“To be treated this way, it’s really hard”, said Horn-Miller. “Like I said, it’s heartbreaking, and that doesn’t even chip away at the surface of how I really feel.”

“Horn-Miller is a well-known defender of Mohawk rights whose activism dates back to her involvement in the Oka crisis as a teenager, and she has been lauded as a model for aboriginal athletes, as a one-time co-captain of Canada’s Olympic women’s waterpolo team.Waneek Horn-Miller“She says she wants to return to her community to raise her family.

“Right now, she’s living in Ottawa while her partner finishes his medical residency, but she owns a home in Kahnawake and plans on returning – with her partner and two children.

“To support the growth of the Mohawk ‘nation’ is always my intention”, she said.

“Horn-Miller believes measuring aboriginal lineage – including blood quantum and Kahnawake’s rule that a band member must have four Mohawk great-grandparents – is antiquated thinking designed to destroy a culture.

“We’re not just useless sacs of DNA that are to be counted for federal transfer dollars. We have to instill a sense in our people that you are a person, put on this earth to make it better.”

“The lawsuit claims the council doesn’t do enough to stop harassment of people in mixed relationships.

“Plaintiffs claim the membership rule contravenes their human rights, as outlined in both the Canadian Charter and the International Declaration of Human Rights.

“Horn-Miller and the other six plaintiffs have asked the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake to acknowledge their rights were infringed, and they are seeking $50,000 per plaintiff in damages.

“Horn-Miller says, for her, it’s not about the money. She says she just wants the membership rule abolished permanently.

“In a statement, the MCK said it can’t comment further on the case because it is in front of the courts.”

–‘Former Olympian Waneek Horn-Miller among Mohawks suing Kahnawake council’,
Kate McKenna, CBC News, Nov 02, 2014

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/former-olympian-waneek-horn-miller-among-mohawks-suing-kahnawake-council-1.2821208 SuperiorCourtofQuebec‘Mohawk Council sued for evicting non-native couples from Quebec reserve’

“The Mohawk Council of Kahnawake is being sued in Quebec Superior Court by seven people who want to abolish a rule forbidding mixed native and non-native couples from living in the community.

“We think it’s an important constitutional issue”, said Julius Grey, the famous constitutional lawyer who has taken the case. “It’s a major question of Canadian law, which tests how far Aboriginal autonomy goes.”

“Supporters of the rule say it’s meant to prevent the dilution of native blood in the small community of 6,000 people.

“It’s a question of identity and cultural survival”, Joe Delaronde, a spokesperson for the council, told The Gazette in September. “Some people have been quietly bringing in outsiders, and the community is getting fed up and saying it’s time to do something.”

“The group suing the council claims they are being harassed and that the council is even encouraging harassment against mixed couples. The council denies these claims…”

–‘Mohawk Council sued for evicting non-native couples from Quebec reserve’
Roberto Rocha, Postmedia News/National Post, November 3, 2014

http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/mohawk-council-sued-for-evicting-non-native-couples-from-quebec-reserve ERBLCantWeAllJustGetAlong600x600
“Before the end of the 17th century, the Jesuits founded two other refugee Indian settlements…

“Between 1665 and 1667, one was established on lands facing Montreal. Called “By-the-River” (‘KAHNAWAKE” in the Mohawk idiom), IT CONSISTED OF A FEW MOHAWKS CONVERTED TO ROMAN CATHOLICISM, AND MANY CAPTIVES TAKEN BY THESE — AND OTHER IROQUOIS — FROM SURROUNDING TRIBES. REJECTED BY THEIR OWN PEOPLE…”

–“Ghosts and Shadows: The Reduction of North American Natives”,
Jean-Jacques Simard, {CAPS added}
in “The Invented Indian”, James Clifton {Ed.},
Transaction (New Brunswick and London, 1990) p.335 mohawk-kahnawake-evicitions
‘The one place in Canada where racism is still tolerated: native reserves’

“Eventually, Canadians are going to have to make up their mind on the diversity-versus-segregation question. It’s simply untenable to say that while the ‘United Colors of Benetton’ are ideal for whites, natives should be free to construct miniature societies based on racist principles that were decisively rejected by Abolitionists two centuries ago. It’s an embarrassment to Canadian values, and a cruelty upon those natives who have committed no crime except to fall in love with someone of a different skin colour.”
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
“Hold the front page: In a throwback to the pre-Civil Rights era, a small community in Quebec is enforcing a racist law that serves to expel any resident couple that is found to be of mixed race. It’s Jim Crow, Canadian-style.

“What’s worse, grassroots enforcers have taken it into their own hands to implement the law, leaving threatening messages for miscegenators. In one shocking example, a non-white woman named Cheryl Diabo found a sign outside her home that read

“My name is Cheryl … I live with a white man.”

“Perhaps worst of all, the whole community in question is financed in large part through massive public transfer payments. THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA IS, IN EFFECT, DIRECTLY SUBSIDIZING WHAT JUST MAY BE THE MOST OFFICIALLY-RACIST COMMUNITY IN THE ENTIRE WESTERN WORLD.

“And yet, little is being done. Why are the human rights mandarins not descending on this community? Why are Parliamentary leaders not denouncing this outbreak of explicit, old-school racism? …

“Oh wait. Sorry. Cancel the front-page scoop. It’s a native reserve that’s enforcing the anti-mixed-marriage edict. The ‘Mohawk Council of Kahnawake’, to be more specific. They even put their racist edict on official Mohawk Council letterhead. Nothing to see here, folks. Politicians, you may continue to stare awkwardly at your shoes as Canadian citizens get thrown out of their homes because of the colour of their skin.

“It need scarcely be mentioned that if this were a ‘white’ community seeking to ostracize non-white residents or mixed-race marriages, Kahnawake would be turned into our version of Ferguson, Mo. Activists and politicians would turn up at the barricades with “We Are All Cheryl Diabo” T-shirts. Town officials would be prosecuted under applicable human-rights law, and possibly even for hate crimes.

“But in this case, the government has done precisely nothing: The racist, anti-miscegenation housing policies of the ‘Mohawk Council of Kahnawake’ have been widely known for years. The only people who have raised a finger to opposite it are brave local residents such as Ms. Diabo, and former Olympian Waneek Horn-Miller, who lives in Kahnawake with her non-native spouse. Where’s the Freedom March for these people?

“On the other hand, let’s give the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake their due, shall we? In the modern context, what is the point of the reserve system except to give natives a space that provides them with a measure of autonomy and cultural “authenticity”?

“Having embraced the notion that one’s bloodline dictates ones rights (a notion dismissed as racist in every other context of public discussion and policy formation), Canadian liberals have been forced to accept its noxious corollary — which is that the presence of ‘white’ people in the midst of reserves comprises a sort of cultural pollutant.

“This is the reason politicians and public figures are so loathe to take a strong stand against the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake and other native groups that strike militant postures on behalf of native identity: Such criticisms implicitly strike at the very heart of the utopian liberal notion that natives flourish best among their own, in protected, demographically-homogenous enclaves that are geographically rooted in their traditional lands.

“In every other context, Canadian liberals zealously embrace the idea of diversity and multiculturalism. In liberal cities such as Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal, the sight of people of every skin colour living side by side, including as husband and wife, is taken as a neighbourhood’s badge of enlightenment. But if the neighbourhood happens to be a native reserve, the exact opposite premise holds sway: Run ‘whitey’ out of town.

“Eventually, Canadians are going to have to make up their mind on the diversity-versus-segregation question. It’s simply untenable to say that while the ‘United Colors of Benetton’ are ideal for whites, natives should be free to construct miniature societies based on racist principles that were decisively rejected by Abolitionists two centuries ago. It’s an embarrassment to Canadian values, and a cruelty upon those natives who have committed no crime except to fall in love with someone of a different skin colour.”

–‘The one place in Canada where racism is still tolerated: native reserves’,
Jonathan Kay, National Post, Sept. 22, 2014

http://ww2.nationalpost.com/m/wp/blog.html?b=fullcomment.nationalpost.com%2F2014%2F09%2F22%2Fjonathan-kay-the-one-place-in-canada-where-racism-is-still-tolerated-native-reserves kahnawkeRacsim
‘Quebec Mohawk reserve looks to enforce law requiring anyone living with a non-native to move out’

“In August, Kahnawake resident Cheryl Diabo found a sign outside her home, saying she lives with a white man.

“This tactic was very much like the tactic that was used to mark where Jews were living during the Holocaust”, she said.

“The message to the community was sent this month on ‘Mohawk Council of Kahnawake’ letterhead, bearing the phrase “strength, peace, unity.” But the open letter’s contents are tearing apart the reserve, as leaders again look to enforce a membership law that requires residents to move out if they marry a non-native.

“At an emotional public meeting Tuesday attended by an estimated 300 people on the reserve outside Montreal, a large majority voiced their support for the Mohawk-only policy that dates to 1981.

“We’re all for the same thing”, resident Joanne Patton said in a video report on the meeting produced by the band council. “If you don’t want to move, don’t marry him.”

“Waneek Horn-Miller, a former Olympian who lives in Kahnawake and has a non-native husband, went to the meeting to argue that the law needs to be changed.

“I believe it is not nation-building”, she said in an interview Thursday. “It is fracturing our people from within. It fundamentally violates the international declaration of human rights and the Charter of Rights.”

“She has personally felt its effect, receiving hate mail in 2010 when she was pregnant with her first child and having a house built for her family. This summer, her sister was threatened after coming to her defence, Ms. Horn-Miller said.

“It’s a lot of fear, a lot of cyber-bullying, a lot of harassment”, she said. “If the law was a good law, the spirit of the community would be positive. But this law has only created havoc and heartbreak.”

“The issue flares up periodically, most recently in 2010 when the council sent letters advising 26 people they had to leave because they were living with non-natives.

“This time, a grassroots movement has taken matters into its own hands. Protesters angry that a Mohawk teacher and her non-native husband were building a house in the centre of town succeeded in stopping construction in August. A list began circulating on the Internet of some 60 people in the community who were allegedly violating the membership law.

“Cheryl Diabo, who lives on the reserve with her Québécois boyfriend, said it was a day after she discovered her name was on the list that a hand-drawn sign appeared outside her home reading:

“My name is Cheryl Myiow [her father’s last name] & I live with a white man.”

“She immediately took it down but was shaken up.

“I realized that this tactic was very much like the tactic that was used to mark where Jews were living during the Holocaust”, she said.

“Horn-Miller, whose children aged one and four are not recognized as Band members because their father is not Mohawk, was one of three people to send a lawyer’s letter to the band last week threatening a lawsuit if the rule concerned mixed-race couples is not rescinded.

“The letter accused the council of “encouraging harassment against mixed couples” and said they would seek $300,000 each in damages if the council failed to act. They also threatened a court challenge to strike down the law.

“In a news release, the council stood its ground. It said it would “vigorously defend” the community’s right to set its own laws concerning membership and called the claim that it encouraged harassment “highly offensive.”

“Joe Delaronde, a spokesman for the band council, said community leaders will begin consultations this month to allow people to express their opinions on the membership law.

“We will hear both sides and hopefully come up with some sort of workable solution, if there is one to be had”, he said.

“But he said the fears underpinning the membership law run deep. Kahnawake, at the foot of the Mercier Bridge linking the south shore of the St. Lawrence River to Montreal, is confined to 14,000 hectares surrounded by urban sprawl.

“People are worried we’ll lose our identity as native people, we’ll lose our language, things like that”, Mr. Delaronde said. “It’s always a challenge not to be swamped. … We’re not saying you can’t have a relationship or get married with someone who’s not from here, but you can’t live here. If you marry out, you move out.”

“Ms. Horn-Miller said such thinking is outdated.

“I don’t understand how kicking families out helps preserve a culture. What preserves a culture is people working at it and making it a priority in their family”, she said. “People like myself and my husband want to perpetuate that culture. This not only doesn’t protect the culture, it actually fractures the most fundamental element of who we are, the family.”

–‘Quebec Mohawk reserve looks to enforce law requiring anyone living with a non-native to move out’,
Graeme Hamilton, National Post, September 18, 2014

http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/quebec-mohawk-reserve-looks-to-enforce-law-requiring-anyone-living-with-a-non-native-to-move WaneekHorn-Miller
This is what we mean when we say that Tribalism is inherently racist:

“The first time Waneek Horn-Miller was told to move away from her hometown of Kahnawake because she was living with a white man, she was “absolutely devastated.” Four-and-a-half years later, she may be pressured again to leave the Mohawk reserve on Montreal’s South Shore.
“Back then, I was worried and anxious”, she said. “Now, it’s like they poked a sleeping bear.” 
The controversy surrounding non-natives living in the territory flared up again in the last few weeks after a Kahnawake woman and her non-native husband broke ground on a house near the Pentecostal church in the historic centre of town. On Monday, a dozen community members, including a few Mohawk Council of Kahnawake chiefs, held a protest at the construction site, supporting A 1981 MORATORIUM BARRING RESIDENTS FROM “MARRYING OUT”.

{This violation of human rights is happening within the borders of Canada — thanks to Race Based Law…}

The demonstrators made it clear that they wouldn’t stop there.

“We have a lot of (non-native) people that have moved in and we’ve been compiling a whole list of names”, one protester told the local newspaper, ‘The Eastern Door’.

“According to an executive summary of the ‘Kahnawake Membership Law’,

“any Mohawk of Kahnawake, male or female who married, cohabitated or lived in a common-law relationship with a non-Indian, was deprived of benefits and privileges that derive from the Kahnawake Mohawk Territory.”

“In 2010, the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake sent eviction letters to 30 non-natives residing in the community, Several people moved away, while others, like Horn-Miller, stayed.

“Every time this happens, the wounds open, the cracks form”, she said. “It’s so toxic for everybody. That’s what I’m mad about. I feel like we need to sit down and speak of some inclusive, community-building solutions. I DON’T LIKE BULLIES.”

“A former co-captain of Canada’s national water polo team, Horn-Miller met her partner, Olympian Keith Morgan, at the Sydney Games in 2000. They have lived together in Kahnawake on-and-off for the last 12 years and have a 1-year-old son and a 4-year-old daughter.

“When she was notified of a petition calling for her family’s eviction, she was eight-and-a-half months pregnant.

“Horn-Miller said her family is second on the list of names to be expelled from the community for violating the moratorium.

“Forever the issue has been you ‘marry out, you get out’ ”, she said, “For a lot of generations, it’s been a devastating statement because you’re told you have to choose between your heart and community.”

“Despite the past, Horn-Miller still has “a lot of love” for her community, she said.

“The MCK hasn’t sent any eviction notices so far this year, but they are considering sending letters to remind certain locals of the law, the council’s ‘political press attaché’ Joe Delaronde said. He pointed out that the majority of MCK chiefs support the membership law, and so does 60% of Kahnawake’s population, according to the last survey conducted in 2010.

{The majority of southern U.S. politicians and citizens supported the laws against inter-racial marriage — and were not only publicly labeled ‘bigots’, but were forced to change their laws. How is this any different?}

“He noted that the law doesn’t exclude those who have married out from returning to Kahnawake as often as they want.

{Just don’t stay too long…}

“Supporters of the moratorium say it’s necessary for preserving Mohawk identity on the parcel of land they have left.

“We’re stuck on a postage stamp”, Delaronde said. “If Canadian people want to move to another part of Canada, they can go to Vancouver, to Yellowknife, or St. John, N.B.”, he continued. “But Kahnawake is Kahnawake. That’s it. There’s no other place to go for us, people have to understand that.” {???}

–“Kahnawake eviction controversy flares up”, Geoffrey Vendeville, Montreal Gazette, August 10, 2014 {CAPS added}

http://cached.newslookup.com/cached.php?ref_id=125&siteid=2117&id=7622329&t=1407543666
kahnawkeSign-5
From 2010:

The traditional idea of relationship, of all of us being connected to each other, seems to have been shrugged off in the Mohawk peoples quest for sovereignty on their home territory.

“They say it’s all about the preservation of identity. They say it’s about Mohawks protecting their own and allowing their land to be occupied by those whose bloodline is fully Mohawk. This, despite a long history of cultural intermarriage, of that same bloodline becoming diluted and shared with the blood of other nations, other peoples.

“There are names on the band list that reflect a long French and English heritage. The history of Kahnawake is the history of Canada, of disparate peoples coming together to form community, of histories melded into one, of a country, a nation state whose heartbeat is the collective rhythm of many hearts.

“It’s confusing. There’s no such thing as a pure culture anymore. History asks every culture to surrender a part of itself to be included in the process of moving forward together through time.

“As native people, we’ve surrendered toboggans and snowshoes for pick-up trucks and snowmobiles. We’ve moved from nomadic migrations to college degrees, computers and a seat in the board room, the corporation and an urban community. Time treats everyone the same and the measure of a peoples’ maturity is how well, how fairly, they negotiate the changes. 

“But what’s really confusing about it all is the shirking of traditional responsibility.

“As ‘First Nations’, as the original inhabitants of this country, our role is that of stewards and guardians. Our role was, and is today, to help newcomers learn how to live in harmony with the land, to honor it, to share it and in turn become stewards themselves.

“Along with the mantle of stewardship comes the idea of belonging, of responsibility, sharing and engaging in the collective forward motion of time, Earth and community.

“Evicting people because they’re not Mohawk is colonialism in reverse. It’s racism, a total disregard for integrity, for the shared light of Creation that shines in every single one of us and again, we all know how that feels.

“Displacement is displacement and allowing it because we can is just not Indian, and ‘turn about is fair play’ or ‘payback is tough’ were never among our principles. We share a planet, we share a home, that’s just the simple, unalterable truth of it.”

–‘Kahnawake eviction notices show disregard for ‘First Nation’ traditions’, Richard Wagamese, Kenora Daily Miner and News, June 25, 2010

http://www.kenoradailyminerandnews.com/2010/06/25/kahnawake-eviction-notices-show-disregard-for-first-nation-traditions  kahnawake-montreal_map
Also from 2010:

“It sounds like something from a distant, darker time. Acting on anonymous calls to a snitch line, authorities single out people on the basis of their race and order them to leave town.

“We trust that you understand the seriousness of this letter and will govern yourself accordingly”, the eviction letters conclude.

“But it was just this week that the letters were delivered by Mohawk chiefs to non-natives residing in Kahnawake, a reserve southwest of Montreal. The recipients’ offence was moving in with a Mohawk lover, and they were given 10 days to pack up. As news of the band council’s action emerged, its political press attaché, Joe Delaronde, was on the defensive.

“We sound like a bunch of Nazis here”, he said this week, “but really, they shouldn’t be here based on any law, Canadian or Kahnawake.”

“Kahnawake law is clear that racial inter-mingling is forbidden on the reserve. Since 1981, a moratorium on mixed marriages has said that any Kahnawake Mohawk who marries a non-native will lose the right to live on the reserve. The principle was reinforced in a 2004 ‘Membership Law’, which was aimed at “fulfilling our responsibility to defend our community and our Nation from external threat.” The federal Indian Act allows ‘First Nations’ to establish rules for band membership, and a Department of Indian Affairs spokeswoman told La Presse this week that the eviction controversy is an internal Kahnawake matter.

{Because, of course, it’s Race Based Law and human rights don’t apply…}

“The argument against mixed marriages is sometimes framed in terms of dwindling space. There is a housing shortage on the reserve at the foot of one of the main bridges onto Montreal Island. But what really seems to be driving the latest evictions is a preoccupation with preserving Mohawk bloodlines and culture.membership4
“Grand Chief Mike Delisle said in an interview that Kahnawake takes a harder line on these issues than most other native communities.

“There are other ‘First Nations’ where, in my opinion, maybe it’s ‘too late’”, he said. “They have been ‘overrun’ by outside marriage, and a lot of the community members as well as the leadership don’t possess the type of lineage that Kahnawake demands.” {???} 

“There are fears in Kahnawake of “complete integration” into Canadian society if nothing is done, he said.

{Sacre bleu, imagine that — “complete integration”! What a nightmare…}

“Jeremiah Johnson, a 31-year-old small business owner in Kahnawake, this week started a Facebook page called “Non-natives out of Kahnawake?” He supports the band’s initiative to expel non-natives.

“We don’t want to stay 300 years in the past, but we don’t want to be assimilated into the mainstream world, either. {So he compromised…and went on Facebook???} It’s not our way and it’s not how we think”, he said. He understands that outsiders might say, ” ‘Oh my God those racist Indians,’ but when you’re here and you see it from our point of view, what we have left and what we’re fighting to hold onto, it really is an invasion.”

“Comments on the page so far tilt heavily in favour of the evictions.

“I know there might be a few people in here who would object and say that love is love, no matter what race”, one woman wrote. “Don’t date white people and you won’t fall in love with them.” {Nice — racist dating advice…} 

“Others have questioned why the band council has limited it to the roughly 25 people sent letters this week.

“There are a lot more than 25 people”, one woman wrote.

“The debate is unsettling to the editor of ‘The Eastern Door’, Kahnawake’s weekly newspaper. In an editorial yesterday, Steve Bonspiel said relying on anonymous complaints to identify evictees “reeks of an old-fashioned, gruesome witch-hunt.” (The band council said it received about 100 complaints over the past 18 months.)

“So, now that meddling in our neighbours’ love lives is applauded as protecting the Nation, what will come next?” Mr. Bonspiel asked.

“The editorial was printed beneath a cartoon showing a mob with torches.

“In an interview, Mr. Bonspiel said he finds the band council’s approach hard to swallow. The names of those facing eviction have been kept confidential so far, but they are said to include long-time community volunteers and people who are caring for disabled or seriously-ill partners.

“I know non-natives who live here, who are married and have kids here, and they’re contributing to the community. They’re giving back”, Mr. Bonspiel said. “They’re not taking anything from the community, yet they will be targeted in the future if the Mohawk council continues along these lines.”

“Sandra Schurman, 44, has a distinct perspective on the debate. Her mother is Mohawk and her father white. She is allowed to live in Kahnawake but is not recognized as a member of the band, meaning she cannot vote in band elections. When she dies, she will not be allowed to be buried in the Kahnawake cemetery.membership1
“A few years ago, after the latest membership law was passed, she appeared before a council of elders seeking to be listed as a Kahnawake member. Her application was denied because she did not have the requisite four Mohawk great-grandparents; one of her great-grandmothers on her mother’s side was half-Mohawk.

“They even had my family tree displayed on the overhead projector”, she recalls of the hearing before the elders. “My great-grandmother grew up here, spoke Mohawk and raised her children here, but they wouldn’t accept her [as Mohawk.]”

“She finds it hypocritical, considering how common intermarriage was in the past.

“There are many people on this reserve who claim full native ancestry who are running around with red hair or blond hair, so I’m not the only one”, she said.

“I can totally understand them wanting to protect, because the elders are scared how this place is going to be in 50 years. There are going to be hardly any Mohawks left, things will be lost and it will be mostly white people in this town. I can understand that too, but at the same time it’s like, c’mon, this town is half-white anyway.”

“Julius Grey, a Montreal lawyer who specializes in Charter of Rights cases, questions whether a policy like Kahnawake’s could withstand a constitutional challenge.

“I think it’s time to challenge that whole nation that they can remove people on the basis of percentage of Indian blood or whatever”, he said.

“If people identify themselves as Mohawk and follow certain cultural practices, that should be enough, he said.

“The argument that drastic measures are required for survival does not wash.

“I don’t believe groups have a ‘right to survive’,” Mr. Grey said. “I think individuals have a right to belong to groups. There is freedom of individual association. If they wish to make it survive, then they will survive. If some other people who do not qualify by blood wish to join, that will in fact improve their chances for survival.”

–‘Natives only, please: A look into the eviction of non-natives from the Kahnawake reserve’, Graham Hughes, National Post, February 5, 2010

http://www.caledoniawakeupcall.com/updates/100205np.html EasternDoorMasthead
Again, from 2010:

“In Kahnawake, some people live in a constant state of fear.

“I have friends who don’t sleep at night”, said Tracy Deer, a publisher of Kahnawake’s local newspaper, ‘The Eastern Door’. “They fell in love with non-natives and now spend their time wondering if one night they’ll get a knock at their door and there’s gonna be a mob outside with clubs to pull them out of their homes. That’s no way to live, that’s no way to form a community.”

“Alvin Delisle served on the Kahnawake’s Mohawk band council from 1987 to 1991. He personally handed out eviction notices in 1988.

“The only way they’ll enforce the evictions is if they start forcing people out of their homes”, said Delisle. “Nobody really moved away in 1988. And most of those that did ended up back on the reserve shortly after.”

“Since his time on the band council, Delisle has regretted his role in the eviction notices.

“Ten years ago, Delisle met and fell in love with Colleen Labelle, a non-native. On February 2, Labelle was handed an eviction notice when she entered Delisle’s home in Kahnawake. Labelle lives in Lasalle but stayed with Delisle over the winter as he prepared for and recovered from heart surgery.

“’They want to take my rights as a native away because my girlfriend is ‘white’”, said Delisle. “[But] we’re not going anywhere.”

–‘Kahnawake residents face racially motivated evictions’, Christopher Curtis, The Link (Concordia U.), April 2010

http://thelinknewspaper.ca/pdf/thelink_vol30_iss29.pdfWaneekPanAmGold More 2010:
“Ten years ago, Waneek Horn-Miller was the pride of her native Kahnawake when she co-captained Canada’s Olympic water polo team in Sydney. Today, however, because she is engaged to marry a white man, she has become the target of hate mail and a petition aimed at chasing her family from the Mohawk reserve.

“Even this Mohawk role model is not immune from the nasty, simmering debate over the presence of non-natives in Kahnawake. As the band council threatens evictions of any non-natives living on the reserve with Mohawk partners, Ms. Horn-Miller is appealing for a change to a policy that is tearing families apart.

“For a few generations now, people being told ‘marry out, you get out’ and being forced to leave, it hasn’t contributed to a healthier society”, she said in her first interview with outside media since she was targeted. “That is not the solution to solving our social problems and saving our language and culture.”

“Ms. Horn-Miller, 34, is one of the best-known residents of Kahnawake, located just across the St. Lawrence River from Montreal. She was 14 in the summer of 1990 when her mother, native-rights activist Kahn-Tineta Horn, brought her and her younger sister to join the defence of land outside Oka…

“She then threw herself into sport, inspired by Kahnawake’s Alwyn Morris, a kayaker who won Olympic gold in 1984. In 2000, she became Kahnawake’s second Olympian, and she has travelled the continent promoting fitness in aboriginal communities…

“But to some back in Kahnawake, her long-term relationship with a non-native man and their decision to build a house in Kahnawake outweighs the good she has accomplished.

“Emotions over the issue of non-native residency in Kahnawake had been mounting since February, when the band council, acting on anonymous complaints, delivered eviction notices to 26 people deemed to be in violation of the band’s membership law.

“That law, aimed at “fulfilling our responsibility to defend our community and our Nation from external threat,” forbids racial intermingling on the reserve {Much like 1930s Germany — and for similar reasons…}. (Mixed marriages pre-dating a 1981 moratorium are tolerated.) Among those who received eviction notices, five agreed to leave, three received the notices in error, 11 are pleading their cases with the band council and seven ignored the letters.

“In April, with her new home under construction and the arrival of her first child a month away, Ms. Horn-Miller learned a petition had been submitted to the band council demanding a stop to building. About 50 people had signed the petition, complaining that Ms. Horn-Miller’s fiancé, Keith Morgan, had no right to live in the house. The contractor arrived at the work site one morning to find a note directed at Mr. Morgan telling him to leave. Waneek Horn-Miller-2
“Days before she gave birth to her daughter, Konwaskennenhawi, Ms. Horn-Miller received an anonymous letter saying her half-Mohawk child was unwelcome on the reserve.

“I tried very hard to galvanize myself against emotionally reacting to that, but I couldn’t”, she said. “It was a hard time, really hard for me because I guess in a way I felt that no matter what I did, no matter what I accomplished, no matter how I tried to contribute, I was still being defined just as a baby-maker. That’s all that matters, our genetics, not who you are and what you contributed.”

“In fact, the people behind the petition were mistaken in thinking Mr. Morgan, a Calgary-born judoka who represented Canada at four Olympic Games, was preparing to move in. He is completing his first year of medical school at a U.S. university in Dominica, a program that will take six years, Ms. Horn-Miller said.

“The Band council issued a statement clarifying that Ms. Horn-Miller was within her rights to live in the house with her child and appealing for respectful dialogue. The council noted, however, that if Mr. Morgan were to move in with his family, the council “would have no choice but to take action against him.”

“Tracey Deer, publisher of Kahnawake’s weekly newspaper, the ‘Eastern Door’, became friends with Ms. Horn-Miller while making the 2008 documentary, “Club Native”, about inter-racial relationships in Kahnawake. She was shocked by the treatment given to a “national role model” like Ms. Horn-Miller, eight months pregnant. She blames the band council’s approach to the issue, inviting anonymous calls to a snitch line, for poisoning the atmosphere in Kahnawake.

“The environment now in Kahnawake is definitely unpleasant”, she said. “It’s much more difficult to be a non-native person living here, because I think the action that the band council has taken has given people permission to be hostile, racist, openly. It’s given the stamp of approval that we can now behave this way, because we’ve got our own government encouraging it.”

“She said her film was aimed at getting her community to rethink its “fundamentalist” attitudes.

“I really don’t think we have a future if we stay on this blood notion for survival”, she said. “People are defined by their community, togetherness, unity. None of that is strong right now. Our language is endangered. Our culture is endangered. We are a very divided, fractured community, so I would love for us to switch our emphasis on these things that make us strong instead of being blood-based.”

“The switch will not be easy. Even Ms. Horn-Miller, raised to believe she should never marry a non-native, felt torn when she began dating Mr. Morgan eight years ago. She initially informed him they could never marry or have children because of his race. Over time, her resolve softened.

“One of the great things about meeting Keith was it brought me back to understanding how to look at someone not by the colour of their skin but for their humanity, for who they were as a human being”, she said. “That’s what I needed.”

“Mr. Morgan, 36, said he realized Ms. Horn-Miller’s decision to build would be controversial.

“I understand the community’s desire to protect their culture; in fact, I support their effort. I’m just not sure that throwing out a few non-natives (who have ties to the community) is the best way to go about it,”

he said in an email exchange with the ‘National Post’. He said he is prepared to learn the language and culture and pay for any services provided by the band if he is allowed to live in Kahnawake after he graduates.

“I feel that I have much to contribute to the community, and would love to do so if given the chance. However, I will not do so at any expense”, he said. “If we have done all that we can to make positive change and are still not wanted or accepted by the community for who we are, then we will go somewhere else.”

“…Joe Delaronde, Kahnawake’s political press attaché, said Ms. Horn-Miller’s and Mr. Morgan’s accomplishments are irrelevant to the debate over their status on the reserve.

“It’s not about the personalities. It’s about ‘the law’”, he said. “What is your alternative, do we just let everybody bring in whoever they want, and then how long will it be until we just don’t exist?”

“Ms. Horn-Miller said she is optimistic Kahnawake’s strong-willed Mohawks will reach a compromise.

“We’re a tough, tough people and that is something that has helped us survive on the edge of Montreal, but it’s also harder to resolve internal conflict”, she said.

“She suggests non-natives in relationships with Mohawks could be allowed to live in Kahnawake on the condition they learn the language and culture and contribute to the community.

“She hopes her two-month-old daughter, whose name means “she brings the peace,” will be welcomed as a Mohawk woman, but she realizes the path will not always be smooth.

“We’re going to have to raise her to be strong”, Ms. Horn-Miller said. “She’s got a judo Dad and a water polo Mom, so I think she’s going to be a pretty good fighter.”

{She can always be a Canadian…}

–‘Former Olympian faces eviction from reserve over non-native fiancé’, Graeme Hamilton, National Post, July 16, 2010

http://www.caledoniawakeupcall.com/updates/100716np.htmlsign-on-kahnawake-reserve(Radio-Canada)
Note how this law journal dances around the evictions and the subject of Race Based Law:

“At first blush, the expulsion of non-natives from a Quebec reserve appears an  obvious affront to human rights. Controversy, in fact, has  been swirling ever since the band council in Kahnawake moved to evict  non-natives living on the reserve southeast of Montreal. The evictions,  officials there argue, are about preserving Mohawk identity by limiting the  presence of outsiders.

“The key targets of the evictions are non-natives  in relationships with band members. The council, then, is essentially taking a  shot at mixed marriages.

“The band does, of course, have points to make.  Fighting against assimilation is a legitimate goal. {?} At the same time, under  federal law, ‘First Nations’ have the right to decide who is eligible for band  membership, a key element of self-government. As a result, federal officials  have so far kept their distance from the issue.

“Nevertheless, the  evictions are disturbing. Mixed marriages are a reality in our society, which  makes any effort to fight against them a fruitless task. The Kahnawake council  could, of course, argue that rather than battling against that tide, it’s simply  exercising its right to decide who gets band membership, but of course the  effect of the evictions is to punish those who marry outside native  bloodlines.

“At the same time, it’s questionable whether those efforts are  the best way to preserve Mohawk culture anyway. The mere presence of non-natives  doesn’t necessarily imperil Mohawk identity. Obviously, we live in a pluralistic  society where culture is about more than bloodlines and ancestry. There are  other less disturbing ways to promote it than reverting to race-based  policies.

“The legal issues are trickier, however. The evictions have  raised the prospect of a constitutional challenge given their clearly  discriminatory nature. But governments typically take a hands-off approach to  these issues given the sensitivity around native sovereignty and  self-government, both of which band councils have a legitimate interest in  protecting.

“Nevertheless, the Kahnawake move is yet another example of  the continuing clouds that linger over those very issues. On the one hand, it  raises questions about the ways in which the Constitution applies to native  reserves while on the other hand evoking concerns over sovereignty and cultural  rights.

 “Of course, the whole area of native rights has been a murky one  for some time, especially since politicians veered away from dealing with  constitutional issues following the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accord battles  of the 1990s. Once again, we’re left with few answers.

“It would be nice  to think cases such as the Kahnawake evictions will prompt a search for clarity  in that area. But, given other examples of similarly tricky disputes — Caledonia  comes to mind {What’s “tricky” about the criminal activity in Caledonia?} — it seems likely we’ll be waiting a long time for that. Still,  that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t hope things were different.”

–‘Editorial:  Kahnawake evictions: sovereignty v. Constitution’, Glenn Kauth, Law Times, 21 February 2010

http://www.lawtimesnews.com/201002222438/commentary/editorial-kahnawake-evictions-sovereignty-v-constitution EasternDoor
“The issue goes back to 1973 when the longhouse started to evict non-native families that lived here with no ties to anyone in the community.

“Then it gained steam and community members, not affiliated with the longhouse, started going after people who had ties here (a spouse or children) and angry mobs visited houses to pressure people to leave. It worked and many left. 

“These days, things are different but the Mohawk Council is using these letters, and the promise of publishing the names of people who don’t heed their warning, as a way to again call on the community to put ‘peer pressure’ on these non-natives so they move. It is setting a dangerous precedent.

“It’s important to note that there are hundreds of non-natives living here, not just these 26. Some have been adopted in and have little or no Mohawk blood, but they have become a part of the community. Others married into the community, have children and/or great grandchildren and they will not be targeted, according to the MCK, because they can no longer procreate. I’m not even making that part up. A number of chiefs have said that…

“Why do you think the MCK wants to use ‘peer pressure’ to get people out? Because how would they do it otherwise? Mobs, like in the ’70s? The Peacekeepers (Kahnawake’s police force)? They could try those options but I don’t think it would look too good for their image and they just might find out that those non-native people living here, with or without ties, have quite a bit of support behind them…”

–‘Inside the Kahnawake evictions’, Martin Patriquin, Macleans, February 10, 2010

http://www.macleans.ca/news/canada/inside-the-kahnawake-evictions/ 
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COMMENTS: “This is racial discrimination, pure and simple.  It should be crushed.  I hope the aboriginals on the reservation have the stones and the principle to stand up to the Mohawk Council on this and protect their neighbors.  If not, I recommend eliminating all legal authority for the Mohawk Council, since they are essentially abusing their authority to promote racial persecution.

“As an aside, the ‘whites’ are not generally “non-natives”.  They are Canadian-born, which makes them no less “native”, by the very definition of the term, than the aboriginals.”
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“And you know what?  As ridiculous as this example is, it is NOT the most appalling aspect of the race-based genealogical apartheid we practice in this country.”
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“Who do you Blame? … If you ask me, the Truth of it all in many ‘First Nations’: there have been a lot of Drug Dealings in the communities across the country, not just Kahnawake — not to mention, the reality of some leaders involved in the Drug Trade, by buying votes with drugs come Election Time. Some leaders even have a name for this practice, called “Election Addiction” — giving out free Drugs to our young People, to buy Votes.

“It’s sad for the kids & the Elders. Some communities you have non-Natives with the highest paying jobs in the community. Many of our People get discriminated against if they speak up for any wrongs, & get blacklisted by the Band Councils’ Leadership if they fight against Illegal Activities & The Vote Buying with Drugs…”
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“Seems to me that the way to stop the drug dealing, smuggling, illicit tobacco “industry” and gun running that goes on in the “smuggler’s paradise” of border reserves is to enforce the law, independent of race…

“If the government decided to suspend and refuse to enforce the rule of law in Niagara on the Lake, even this quaint little tourist town would soon turn into another “Kahnawake” as organized crime gangs took over.

“Kicking “non-native” criminals off reserves would only serve one purpose…saving the ongoing criminal activities for criminal natives to profit from.

“Until something changes to eliminate the environment that created and fosters illegal smuggling, drug and gun running through reserves…the root problem will remain, regardless of what race the perpetrator happens to be.”
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“According to “Littlebear”, the abuse and misfortunes on Reserves are being forced upon them by “Whites” that ply their illegal activities on Reserves with unobstructed, wholesale access to all the illegal activities that occur on Reserves.

“I grew up 5 minutes from a Reserve. I know that if I were to open a boozecan, or afterhours bar on the Reserve close to my home, I would have been beaten to a bloody pulp every night, if not dragged out to the bush to be fed to the bears, and have my house burned to the ground. Natives aren’t  too big on sharing on-Reserve business opportunities with non-Natives, whether the business is legal or not. Typical, though. A lot of Natives always seem to find it easier to point the finger at the “Whiteman” than accept responsibility and be held accountable for their own woes.”
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“I wonder how this would go over if “Whites” were trying to evict Natives off of their street or out of their community. There would be total uproar by Natives and treehuggers alike. We would be called every name in the book, from the most obvious — racist and discriminatory — to hatemongers and Nazis and ethnic cleansers. This would never be allowed if it weren’t taking place on a Reserve, where our spineless politicians lack of political will is made even more apparent. Natives would be blockading highways, railways, city centers, government buildings and just about anywhere else they figured they could get their face on the front page.”7-8-2010-10-47-56-AM-4000146
“In the  1980s, some Mohawks contested the policy before the human rights  tribunal, but lost. The courts have ruled that Mohawks can make any  membership policy they deem necessary for their survival as a people
.”

http://www.therightperspective.org/2010/02/07/mohawks-ban-mixed-marriages-evict-non-beringians/
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See also:
‘MOHAWKS USING RACE BASED LAW TO SHELTER ORGANIZED CRIME’ {Apr. 8, 2016}: https://endracebasedlaw.wordpress.com/2016/04/08/mohawks-using-race-based-law-to-shelter-organized-crime/
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Petition to END RACE BASED LAW
http://endracebasedlaw.net/petition/

mail to:  endracebasedlawpetition@gmail.com
JOIN US IN THE FUTURE OF A UNIFIED CANADA

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