‘Aboriginal Gangs Appropriating Black American Culture’

‘Alberta’s Blood Tribe police warn violence between gangs on the rise near ‘Methbridge’

“…The ‘Bloods’ and the ‘Crips’, who are not affiliated with the Los Angeles street gangs, began their long-standing feud on the Blood Tribe, a sprawling ‘First Nation’ southwest of Lethbridge.

“Over the past year and a half, members of these gangs have become increasingly involved in the illicit drug trade on the reserve and in nearby Lethbridge, said Const. Drew Kanyo of the ‘Blood Tribe Police Service’. 

“The biggest concern for police is these gangs are known for brutal beatings, stabbings and other violence that Kanyo fears will only get worse.

“We’re going to see a lot more violence in the future”, he said. “We know how the gangs function out here and how violent they are, and how they move their weapons.”

“…Kanyo said he’s heard from sources in the drug trade that dealers in Lethbridge have increasingly been selling methamphetamine and have dubbed that city “Methbridge”…

“The Bloods began as a family gang, naming themselves after the Blood reserve 10 to 15 years ago, Kanyo said. There are 50 and 60-year-old men on the reserve calling themselves Bloods.

“They formed enemies with opposing families who named themselves Crips, a nod to the L.A. gang rivalry.

“Our biggest problem with them out here is the violence they bring with them everywhere they go”, Kanyo said. “We’re looking at machetes, baseball bats, hatchets, anything they can get their hands on.”

“The Bloods and Crips remain active on the reserve, where they recruit new members, Kanyo said, but they appear to be shifting their drug activities outside the band’s borders.

“We’re seeing more of the new guys that are just going into Lethbridge and staying there”, he said. “The drugs are plentiful. They can hide easier. There’s more people for their product. And there’s a lot more street corners to work.”

–‘Alberta’s Blood Tribe police warn violence between gangs on the rise near ‘Methbridge’,
REID SOUTHWICK, POSTMEDIA
FIRST POSTED: SUNDAY, APRIL 10, 2016

http://www.calgarysun.com/2016/04/10/violence-between-native-street-gangs-on-the-rise-in-methbridge-cop-warns blood-tribe-anti-drugs-portestJan., 2015:
‘Battling the Blood Tribe drug problem’

“Community members marched through the streets of Moses Lake with a police escort letting the rest of the Blood Tribe know that they are mad, hurt, and fed up with the ongoing drug problem on the reserve.

“There’s been prescription drug abuse for many years here”, said Staff Sergeant Joseph Many Fingers. “It’s an issue we’ve been trying to address within the community and within the police.”

“While drugs have been prevelant in the area, a recent surge in drug related deaths have spurred action in Blood Tribe communities.

“A three-day rally has been organized in the wake of those deaths that police are linking to illegal pills of a drug called ‘Oxy 80’, sold as ‘Oxycodone’.

“There’s approximately 10 deaths related to Oxy 80’s or prescription drug abuse.”

“Police are hoping for the public’s assistance in gathering information and interacting with witnesses, in order to legally support drug searches that could lead to arrests.

“The public can confidentially email information to: oxy@bloodtribepolice.com .”

–‘Battling the Blood Tribe drug problem’,
Blake Lough, Global News, January 19, 2015

http://globalnews.ca/news/1781417/battling-the-blood-tribe-drug-problem/ 

(PHOTO: Calgary Herald)
(PHOTO: Calgary Herald)

See also:
‘The Ballad of Daniel Wolfe’:

“If you look at the victims of their homicides, the girls they force into prostitution and the people they sell drugs to, they’re victimizing their own people. There is nothing cultural about the ‘Indian Posse’. The only cultural thing is a gang subculture.”

https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/photos/a.336196793149227.59519.332982123470694/486515494784022/?type=1

‘The gangs of Winnipeg’ {December 15, 2013}:
https://www.facebook.com/ENDRACEBASEDLAW/photos/a.336196793149227.59519.332982123470694/435009726601266/?type=1 wolfe3WEBFrom ‘Public Safety Canada’:

“Results from our study confirm the anomalous status of aboriginal gangs in the Canadian gang landscape. Aboriginal gangs appear to have different causes and characteristics than other gangs. Their recruitment processes are considerably more violent than other gangs. Aboriginal gangs are more apt to follow the “standard” for gangs in the United States, where tattoos, hand symbols, and strict chains of command define gang membership and function. In this sense, aboriginal gangs are unlike other gangs in our country…

“For aboriginal families specifically in the Prairie Provinces, the gang issue is a growing phenomenon. Youth are being recruited into this lifestyle both on the street and in prisons, leaving school and family behind to take on the gangster identity… Further, when young aboriginal men choose to take on a persona generated by African American gangs, they lose their connection to their people and their identity as a Cree, Blackfoot, Lakota, Dene, or Métis, etc…

“In the documentary “Gang Aftermath” Detective Doug Reti, RCMP, states:

“I have never witnessed gang activity so pronounced as I have seen it here, in the community I am in (Hobbema). At such a young age, also. We are seeing kids young as nine and ten as runners, as young as 13 doing drive by shooting and carrying weapons and so forth.”

“If we look at some of the Aboriginal street gangs in existence in the prairie region, it also becomes clear that groups such as the ‘Redd Alert’, ‘Indian Posse’, ‘Alberta Warriors’, and the ‘Native Syndicate’ fit Gordon’s description of a street gang. Crime for profit (though less organized than criminal organizations) and violence characterize these street gangs.

“For example, the ‘Indian Posse’ originally organized in Winnipeg in the late 1980s and early 1990s was unorganized initially but became more organized over time. This gang is involved in low level organized street crime, including drug trafficking, assaults and break and enters. Dependent on more structured criminal organizations for their drugs, Indian Posse members are involved in street level dealing. As is characteristic of most Aboriginal street gangs, the Indian Posse is very active in correctional institutions, using fear, violence and intimidation to recruit non-members and exercise control.

“The ‘Manitoba Warriors’ and the offshoot ‘Alberta Warriors’ both are considered street gangs, although their strength appears to come primarily from their activities and recruitment in prisons. Both touted as being on the more organized end of the street gang continuum, these groups which started off as Aboriginal political groups, have ties to more organized criminal organizations such as outlaw motorcycle groups.

“The ‘Redd Alert’, according to some reports, originated in Edmonton as an offshoot of the notorious Edmonton ‘Northside Boys’. Very active in correctional institutions, the Redd Alert developed in response to aggressive institutional recruitment by gangs such as the Indian Posse and the Manitoba and Alberta Warriors. Aboriginal inmates formed the Redd Alert as an alternative to being forcefully recruited into these other groups…

“Apparently, the “prison branch” of the Redd Alert was based in the dual objectives of protecting their Aboriginal ‘bros’ from intimidation at the hands of the Indian Posse and Warriors, and protecting Alberta Aboriginal youth from these ‘outsiders’ (initially coming from Manitoba). In doing so, they became a “gang” recognized by the correctional system and police. Their original goal of promoting healthy lifestyles for Aboriginal youth was abandoned. Redd Alert is now a rival to some of the longer established gangs they developed in response to…

“Aboriginal street gangs…however, are different than ‘typical’, or the majority of, gangs in many ways. First, most aboriginal groups are ethnically homogeneous and the EPS report also suggests that violence tends to be intra-racial with aboriginal street gangs. Further, they are more violent than some other gangs, known for their “jumping in” and “jumping out” ordeals.

“Second, aboriginal street gangs generally have distinct identifying characteristics including tattoos, graffitized areas that mark territory, clothing and gang paraphernalia, gang symbols, hand signs and a self-chosen name, which is a direct link to the African American and Latino street gangs in the United States. Aboriginal street gangs generally recruit youth who are poverty stricken and come from dysfunctional broken families. Finally, aboriginal gangs are also better established in the prison system, some of these gangs actually credit prison processes with their birth and creation…

“Aboriginal gangs appear to have different causes and characteristics than other gangs. Their recruitment processes are considerably more violent than other gangs. Whereas other groups tend to “court” potential members by buying them gifts and showing them how wonderful and lucrative gang life can be, Aboriginal gangs subject new recruits to a “jumping in” process where the recruit is beaten by many gang members for a set period of time.

“Aboriginal gangs are more apt to follow the “standard” for gangs in the United States, where tattoos, hand symbols, and strict chains of command define gang membership and function. In this sense, aboriginal gangs are an anomaly on the Canadian gang landscape…

“Mathews (1993; 2005) also reports on research studies of the family which provide support for the influence of ineffective parenting, chaotic communication patterns, disorganization, and parent drug or alcohol abuse, incest and family violence, other gang members in the family, and…lack of strong parental role models, as influences on the decision to join a gang…”

–‘An investigation into the formation and recruitment processes of aboriginal gangs in Western Canada’,
Public Safety Canada (2006)

https://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/pblctns/brgnl-gngs-nvstgtn-2006/index-en.aspx
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“An aboriginal youth’s interest in gangs peaks at puberty and the promise of free sex is used as a recruitment tool. Women play a significant role in gang operations. After all, the lifeblood of gangs is prostitution {‘Missing Women’, anyone?}…”

— ‘New UBC prof explores the grip of Aboriginal gang life in the prairies’,
UBC Reports, Oct 20th, 2014

(“Counselling psychology professor Alanaise Goodwill is a member of Manitoba’s Sandy Bay Ojibway ‘First Nation’. As part of her PhD work, she interviewed 10 former aboriginal gang members, including one of her relatives, in Saskatchewan and Manitoba. She talks about her work, which focuses on better understanding Aboriginal gang entry and exit.”)

http://www.vancouverobserver.com/news/new-ubc-prof-explores-grip-aboriginal-gang-life-prairies
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